Antioxidants are natural substances made up of vitamins and minerals. They have the ability to fight the unstable compounds (free radicals) that attack human cells and damage DNA. Damaged skin cells can lead to accelerated aging in the form of wrinkles, dry skin, dark circles under the eyes, dull skin and more.
Free radicals are in the air we breathe, the foods we eat, sunlight, and pollution; basically, just about everywhere. Eating foods rich in antioxidants is one way to ward them off. Another is to apply antioxidants on the skin, where they can seep underneath to strengthen skin cells and keep them healthy.
The antioxidants most shown to repair damage and slow the aging process include:
This ingredient is incorporated into skin care products to reduce the effects of aging. Your body produces hyaluronic acid naturally, keeping tissues cushioned and lubricated. It's found in skin, joint fluid, and connective tissues. Age, smoking, and an unhealthy diet lead to drops in production over time. Products containing hyaluronic acid helps smooth out skin. They are especially effective when combined with Vitamin C products.
As you age, your body slows down its production of collagen and elastin, which keeps skin strong, flexible, and resilient. Evidence suggests that the antioxidants found in Vitamin C stimulate the production of collagen and minimize fine lines, wrinkles, and scars.
Ubiquinone (CoQ-10) is and essential antioxidant found in every living cell. It is an energy source for new cells, which smooth and firm the skin. The body naturally produces CoQ-10 to neutralize free radicals in cells. But as we age, the levels of CoQ-10 go down making skin cells more susceptible to damage by free radicals. This is the rationale behind the use of this enzyme in skin care products such as toners, gels, and creams. One study shows that CoQ-10 helps reduce wrinkles around the eyes. CoQ-10 is bright orange, so products containing it will be orange or yellow.
Alpha-Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)
These groups of natural based acids found in a vast number of skin care products includes glycolic, lactic, citric and tartaric acids. Glycolic was the original AHA and remains popular for its ability to remove dead skin cells and leave skin smoother, softer, and more radiant. AHAs are used to exfoliate the skin, to reduce fine lines and acne scars, and to correct irregular pigmentation. In order to avoid irritating the skin, start with a low concentration and apply every other day, gradually increasing to every day. Even at lower doses, these acids may still irritate and dry the skin, as well as increase sensitivity to the sun. Doctors recommend using moisturizer and sunscreen when using any products that contain AHAs.
Vitus Vinifera (Grape Fruit Extract)
This nutrient-rich emollient is derived from the skin of grapes. It's an antioxidant rich in phenols which protects against damaging free radicals.
This vitamin is a skin normalizer that helps to balance the skin's pH; it's also a powerful antioxidant that increases skin elasticity, yielding younger looking skin. This nutrient is essential for preserving healthy skin and repairing damaged tissue. It also smoothes and softens while moisturizing dry skin and reducing excess oil.
Tocopherol: (Vitamin E)
This vitamin is a natural moisture binder which allows the skin to breathe and function normally. The action of this antioxidant improves hydration, softness and smoothness. Vitamin E also aids in slowing the aging process while providing modest photo protection.
Alpha-Lipoic Acid is called a "universal antioxidant" because it's both water and fat soluble. This duel action penetrates skin cell membranes at all levels and helps to protect them from free radicals. Alpha-Lipoic Acids are promoted as a primary ingredient in many skin care products; they can erase fine lines and wrinkles, diminish pores, and give skin a healthy glow.
Face Firming Vitamin C Serum is a unique complex of ingredients that work synergistically to rebuild the skin, to fight against free radical damage and to provide intensive skin brightening. Cell membranes are nourished by its key ingredients: Alpha-Lipoic Acid, Coenzyme Q-10 and Ester C. In addition, Green Tea and Licorice Root clear and even the skin tone from acne discoloration and hyperpigmentation. This specialty créme is formulated for all skin types.